The Rise of Jainism and Buddhism

The sixth century B.C. is considered a wonderful century in history. Great thinkers like Buddha, Mahavira, Heraclitus, Zoroaster, Confucius and Lao Tse lived and preached their ideas in this century. In India, the republican institutions were strong in the 6th century B.C.

This enabled rise of heterodox sects against the orthodox religion dominated by rites and rituals. Among them the most successful were Jainism and Buddhism whose impact on the Indian society was remarkable.

Causes for the Rise of Jainism and Buddhism

The primary cause for the rise of Jainism and Buddhism was the religious unrest in India in the 6th century B.C. The complex rituals and sacrifices advocated in the Later Vedic period were not acceptable to the common people. The sacrificial ceremonies were also found to be too expensive. The superstitious beliefs and mantras confused the people. The teachings of Upanishads, an alternative to the system of sacrifices, were highly philosophical in nature and therefore not easily understood by all. Therefore, what was needed in the larger interests of the people was a simple, short and intelligible way to salvation for all people. Such religious teaching should also be in a language known to them. This need was fulfilled by the teachings of Buddha and Mahavira.

Other than the religious factor, social and economic factors also contributed to the rise of these two religions. The rigid caste system prevalent in India generated tensions in the society. Higher classes enjoyed certain privileges which were denied to the lower classes. Also, the Kshatriyas had resented the domination of the priestly class. It should also to be noted that both Buddha and Mahavira belonged to Kshatriya origin. The growth of trade led to the improvement in the economic conditions of the Vaisyas. As a result, they wanted to enhance their social status but the orthodox Varna system did not allow this. Therefore, they began to extend support to Buddhism and Jainism. It was this merchant class that extended the chief support to these new religions.

Leave a Reply

21 Comments on "The Rise of Jainism and Buddhism"

Notify of
avatar
Sort by:   newest | oldest | most voted
Sanaia Caitlin
Guest

I am in grade 6 and we had a history project about Buddhism and Jainism .This site helped me a lot to understand about both relegions.Thanks so much for that!!
Sanaia

Sanaia Caitlin
Guest

I am in grade 6 and we had a history project about Buddhism and Jainism .This site helped me a lot to understand about both relegions.Thanks so much for that!!
Sanaia

Ayesha alam
Guest

i am in 9 standard and this site has helped me a lot in my history project of jainism and buddhism and has helped me to understand what jainism and buddhism is all about.thanks a lot!!!!
Ayesha

Ayesha alam
Guest

i am in 9 standard and this site has helped me a lot in my history project of jainism and buddhism and has helped me to understand what jainism and buddhism is all about.thanks a lot!!!!
Ayesha

Thansom
Guest

Hey.! This seemed very short to me. Aren’t there any more points, about the socioeconomic factor?

Thansom
Guest

Hey.! This seemed very short to me. Aren’t there any more points, about the socioeconomic factor?

Saptaneel Ghosh
Guest

Thanks……………
This made my History project lot more easier!!!!!!!

Saptaneel Ghosh
Guest

Thanks……………
This made my History project lot more easier!!!!!!!

Shatakshi Srivastava
Guest

Provided me with the crux of the topic!!!!!!

Shatakshi Srivastava
Guest

Provided me with the crux of the topic!!!!!!

tulika saha
Guest

this site hlp mee a lot for my history project… thnxxx!!!

tulika saha
Guest

this site hlp mee a lot for my history project… thnxxx!!!

Rashid Akhtar
Guest

This site has helped me a lot for completing my first project of class 9 on topic Jainism and Buddhism

Rashid Akhtar
Guest

This site has helped me a lot for completing my first project of class 9 on topic Jainism and Buddhism

pranjeeta singh
Guest

nice

pranjeeta singh
Guest

nice

samanway sanket
Guest

this site was a wonderful help in preparing my history project and enabled me to do it easily thanks a lot!

samanway sanket
Guest

this site was a wonderful help in preparing my history project and enabled me to do it easily thanks a lot!

AZIZ KHAN
Guest

i am in 8th standard this site has helped me a lot in doing my history project and now it has become very easy for me to perform my project in my class and even to learn about jainism and budhism.

thanks a lot!!!!

AZIZ KHAN
Guest

i am in 8th standard this site has helped me a lot in doing my history project and now it has become very easy for me to perform my project in my class and even to learn about jainism and budhism.

thanks a lot!!!!

AZIZ KHAN
Guest

this site helped me a lot in performing my history project in my class even it helped me a lot in understanding the concept of jainism and budhism.

thanks a lot!!!!!!!!!

AZIZ KHAN
Guest

this site helped me a lot in performing my history project in my class even it helped me a lot in understanding the concept of jainism and budhism.

thanks a lot!!!!!!!!!

shreyas jha
Guest

thank you so much edu.holisticthought.com…gr 8 help…very well compiled and editted info..faboulous!

shreyas jha
Guest

thank you so much edu.holisticthought.com…gr 8 help…very well compiled and editted info..faboulous!

sunaina
Guest

because of it i know the greatness of both buddha and mahavira

sunaina
Guest

because of it i know the greatness of both buddha and mahavira

sheshank
Guest

thanks to complete my project

sheshank
Guest

thanks to complete my project

kajel
Guest

Nic bt very short!!!

kajel
Guest

Nic bt very short!!!

BNSK Vamsi
Guest

I am in 8th standard and this site helped me a lot to do my project work on Jainism and Buddhism.

Thanks for the creators of this page

BNSK Vamsi
Guest

I am in 8th standard and this site helped me a lot to do my project work on Jainism and Buddhism.

Thanks for the creators of this page

Praveen Kumar
Guest

Exams was started yesterday, tomorrow history exams is there so it is useful to my exam ##thankU### PraveenChinna

Praveen Kumar
Guest

Exams was started yesterday, tomorrow history exams is there so it is useful to my exam ##thankU### PraveenChinna

sigesh
Guest

Jainism and Buddhism was my project.It helped me a lot

sigesh
Guest

Jainism and Buddhism was my project.It helped me a lot

anam rashid
Guest

Thnq actually I m in 9th standard n I hv 2 make A project on Jainism n Buddhism so this site helped me a lot thnq so much…..wid regards from Anam

anam rashid
Guest

Thnq actually I m in 9th standard n I hv 2 make A project on Jainism n Buddhism so this site helped me a lot thnq so much…..wid regards from Anam

rits
Guest

thanks it helped me a lot

rits
Guest

thanks it helped me a lot

Akash Verma
Guest

Since I am receive 1 rank in class I had to do some extra project therefore my teacher asked me to do a project on rise of Jainism and Buddhism and in that one of my topic to do was cause of rise of Jainism and Buddhism and this helped me a lot in completing that project 😃😃😃😃😃

Akash Verma
Guest

Since I am receive 1 rank in class I had to do some extra project therefore my teacher asked me to do a project on rise of Jainism and Buddhism and in that one of my topic to do was cause of rise of Jainism and Buddhism and this helped me a lot in completing that project 😃😃😃😃😃

wpDiscuz