Indian National Movement (1917 – 1947)

indian national MovementThe third and final phase of the Nationalist Movement [1917-1947] is known as the Gandhian era. During this period Mahatma Gandhi became the undisputed leader of the National Movement. His principles of nonviolence and Satyagraha were employed against the British Government.

Gandhi made the nationalist movement a mass movement. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born at Porbandar in Gujarat on 2 October 1869. He studied law in England. He returned to India in 1891. In April 1893 he went to South Africa and involved himself in the struggle against apartheid (Racial discrimination against the Blacks) for twenty years.

Finally, he came to India in 1915. Thereafter, he fully involved himself in the Indian National Movement. Mahatma Gandhi began his experiments with Satyagraha against the oppressive European indigo planters at Champaran in Bihar in 1917.

In the next year he launched another Satyagraha at Kheda in Gujarat in support of the peasants who were not able to pay the land tax due to failure of crops. During this struggle, Sardar Vallabhai Patel emerged as one of the trusted followers of Gandhi.

In 1918, Gandhi undertook a fast unto death for the cause of Ahmedabad Mill Workers and finally the mill owners conceded the just demands of the workers. On the whole, the local movements at Champaran, Kheda and Ahmedabad brought Mahatma Gandhi closer to the life of the people and their problems at the grass roots level. Consequently, he became the leader of the masses.

The Significant happenings of the Indian National Movement (Click below to Know more)

The Rowlet Act, Jallianwala Bagh Massacre and Khilafat Movement

The Non-Cooperation Movement (1920-1922)

Swaraj Party and Simon Commission (1927)

Nehru Report (1928) and Civil Disobedience Movement (1930-1934)

The Dandi March and the Round Table Conference

The Poona Act, The Second World War and National Movement

The Individual Satyagraha and Cripps Mission

Quit India Movement (1942-1944) and the Indian National Army

The Cabinet Mission (1946)

The Mountbatten Plan and  The Indian Independence Act 1947

Indian National Movement